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Andreas Huber emigrated from Germany in 1738 and became Andrew Hoover 1763.  He first lived in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, with his brother, Johannes.  He married Margaret Pfautz and raised a family of 13 children.  The first was named Jonas and was born in 1746 in Maryland.  This son married Rachel Briles, probably in Maryland about 1768.  Their first son was John Hoover, born in 1769.  When the family moved to North Carolina about 1772, 12 of Andrew’s children had been born, at least two of his children had married, and at least two grandchildren had been born.


John Hoover, like his father Jonas and his grandfather Andrew, lived out the rest of his life in North Carolina.  All are buried somewhere near the Uwharrie River in Randolph County.  At least nine of Jonas’ siblings and half of John’s went west.


The first child born to John Hoover and Millicent Winslow was Jonas Hoover, designated as 2a3a4a in the system devised and used by Mrs. McLean (niece of Herbert Clark Hoover, President of USA).  Andrew Hoover, the immigrant, is regarded as the first generation.  This Jonas Hoover migrated with his sister Guila Elma and her husband, Stephen Hinshaw to Indiana in 1832, settling in Hamilton County.  In 1842, Jonas and his children moved on to Mahaska County.  Jonas was reported to have six children.







Jonas Hoover was born near Ashbury, Randolph County, N.C., June 13th, 1802, and fell peacefully asleep near Oskaloosa at the residence of his son, W. N. Hoover, January l5th, 1896, at the advanced age of 93 years, 6 months, and 2 days.



He was married to Mary Newby, of Ashville, N. C., and four years after marriage they moved to Indiana where they resided a number of years, owned a tanyard and made boots and shoes; they came to Iowa in an early day, residing in different parts of the State. His last move was two and a half miles northeast of Oskaloosa, where he improved a home, and turned his attention to gardening and fruit raising. Settling in an early day he saw much of the State's growth. He saw the site from whence our city sprung, and was the first to sell apples, cabbage and potatoes there. He sold the first butter to George Rowland, who kept a tavern. He obtained apple seeds, planted them, and grafted three thousand trees, his orchard being one of the first near Oskaloosa. He opened and worked a coal-bank on his farm.


To them were born six children; J. M., who passed away in 1885, and David, who died in 1883, four surviving them - Catherine Bryant of Okeene, Oklahoma; Elizabeth Woodard of Lebanon, Kansas, and Samuel and W. N. Hoover, who reside near Oskaloosa.


His wife passed away July l5th, 1878. After her death he visited much among relatives and friends, carrying his Bible with him. He delighted in reading his Bible, and was a faithful attender of the meeting till his eyesight failed; yet he had learned so many chapter that he would repeat to his friends, his favorite chapter being John 14th. Though he lived to a good old age he never grew old in spirit, but manifested a love for everybody; he saw light upon every dark cloud-in the ever-changing world picture. His example of happiness was all the more striking because he was happy without any studied design to teach others how to be happy save only by being happy himself.  He often said, "I shall soon be with dear ones over there."  His last words of love and advice to friends and relatives are the jewels in the treasure-house of memory.   We will think of him as having preceded us a little space, and it will afford us much comfort that one day we shall meet him on the other shore. We shall miss him, but his labor of love among us shall strengthen our footsteps, that we may run with patience the race that is set before us.







The Hoover Cemetery in western Randolph County contains the graves of Andrew Hoover, the great great great grandfather of ex-President Herbert Clark Hoover, and other ancestry of the 31st President of the United States.


Located 2 miles off the main road in the Hoover’s Grove Church community, between Parker’s Mill site on the Uwharrie and Jackson’s Creek, the cemetery lay unkempt and virtually unknown for more than a century before Victor Parker, operator of Parker’s Mill for 33 years before it closed in 1945, became interested in the burial ground in 1928.  He contacted Theodore J. Hoover, Dean of Engineering at Stanford University in California and the President’s brother, and they collaborated in the restoration project, cleaning up the grounds and erecting a large stone marking the grave of Andrew Hoover.


In addition to the Andrew Hoover grave, the cemetery contains 23 others.  Some of the slate rock markers include the names of A. Hoover, Amy Johnson, Mart Johnson, Lewis Johnson, Rachel Hoover, and Nancy Yats.  Some of the Hoover family migrated to Ohio and Indiana in the mid 1800’s, Herbert Hoover’s ancestors among them.


Other members of the Hoover family of that period were buried at Hoover’s Grove Wesleyan Methodist Church and at the Pleasant Union Christian Church.







This family is probably descended from one Bertoldus Hubere, born about 1190, a younger son of a minor landed knight of the baron of Switzerland.  Bertoldus was a citizen of Bern, and his name appears frequently in official documents of that city.  He had at least three sons – Nicolaus, born about 1218, Burchard, born about 1222, and Jacob, born about 1230.  Nicolaus was a consul of his native city.


Burchard Hubere acquired land in the present Canton Aargua, Switzerland, largely in the County of Lenzberg, in the vicinity of Oberkulm.  Professor Herman F. Macco, of Berlin-Steglitz, Germany, has traced this family in his work on President Hoover’s family tree.


Georg Huber, descendant of Burchard, was deputy sheriff at Lenzburg in 1641, and miller at Oberkulm.  His old mill, on the Yynen, known as the Neuenstein, is still owned by a member of the Huber family, who has converted it into an inn, the Gasthaus zum Baeren.


Johann Henrich Huber, son of Georg, was born about 1644, at Oberkulm.  He was a linen weaver.  In 1699 he migrated to Ellerstadt, a village near Duerkheim and Oggersheim, the German Palatinate on account of the Swiss Prietist Persecutions.  He had married Maria Margareta Hoffman, daughter of a burgher of Oberkulm.   In his old age, he returned to his father’s mill at Oberkulm, and died there in 1706.  His children were:


Johann, b. 3-23-1666 d. 12-3-1727 at Oggersheim, where his descendants now live


Gregor Jonas*, b. 7-6-1668 d. 4-13-1741 at Ellerstadt


Michael, b. 6-3-1672 d. 2-1-1721 at Oggersheim.  Descendants live at Maxdorf, the Palatinate


Verena, b. 9-16-1677, at Oberkulm, living 1704 in Palatinate


*Gregor Jonas Huber married Anna Marie ________ b. 1675-76 d. 4-13-1756.  Their children were:


Anna Eva, b. 10-8-1699 d. 12-18-1701

Johann Heinrich, b. 3-4-1702 d. 6-4-1703

Anna Maria, b. ca 1703 d. 7-9-1774 m. Johannes Kreislin 11-24-1722

Johannes, b. 5-17-1704, to America 8-24-1728

John Michael, b. 9-20-1706, m. Anna B___ 4-3-1730

Christian, b. 2-26-1710, to America 9-30-1732

John Paul, b. 3-27-1713

Anna Elizabeth, b. 1-23-1715, m. John Adam Br___ 1738

Andreas, b. 1-29-1723 at Ellerstadt, d. 1794 in Randolph County, NC, to America






JAN. 15, 1930


The history of the old mill is a story of the hardships that were encountered, largely due to Uwharrie, but not entirely.  The menace of floods was a source of trouble every summer, just as on the occasion of the rescue of the animals.  Many families now in the west, notably in Ohio, Indiana and Iowa, are there because their forebears who had settled Uwharrie could no longer endure the freshets and their devastating sweep over farmlands.


Jacob Hoover, Sr. to whom the executors deeded this mill seat, had two mill houses that were destroyed by fire.  He had built the first soon after the Revolution, and obviously the mill which Andrew Sr. had established had been destroyed in some manner, as it is known to have been standing in 1775.  Jacob had a serious accident and became a cripple for life when another large August freshet washed his house away.  When his son, Joseph Hoover, Sr. succeeded to the proprietorship of the mill seat, it was at least 50 years old.  It was he who requested, about the time of his death, that it be kept in his family for one hundred years.  His request was zealously complied with, though the name of the mill was changed as the result of Hoover marriages and transfers.  Before 1890 the mill was known for years as Arnold’s Mill, and today it is Skeen’s Mill.


It is now rapidly going to ruin.  The mill today (1930) occupying the site must be half a century or more old.  Its broad old doors creak to every wind, and parts of the floors have tumbled in.  There is no trace whatever of the old wooden water wheel.




Jan. 10, 1930



Andrew Hoover was born in Germany in the year of 1723.  He came to America in the year of 1738, and settled in Pennsylvania.  Then in the year 1746 he moved to Maryland.  In the year of 1774, he moved to North Carolina.


Andrew Hoover died 1794 and was buried not so far from Parker’s Mill in Randolph County, about 1/3 mile from Mima McDowell’s home.  There is a monument erected to his grave by Theodore Hoover in 1929.


On the left of Andrew Hoover’s grave is the grave of Adam Hoover, a son of Andrew.  Adam Hoover was 80 years old when he died.


There are 24 graves in this plot, but the names and dates do not show on all of them.


A short distance from the graves is signs of a house place.  There is a foundation rock to the chimney there.  The writer was told by old people that this place in mention is where a two room log house stood and that is where Andrew Hoover lived and died.





Story taken from the “New York Times” Magazine, June 9, 1929, written by Nixon Plummer


When President Hoover drove into Maryland on a recent Sunday afternoon, he found himself in a community that had known the name of Hoover long before there were Presidents of the United States.  He had gotten lost in the foothills of the Blue Ridge mountains, found his way back to the main highway, and at last came to the farm which was formerly owned by his great-great-great-grandfather, in Carroll County.


This ancestor of the President, whose name was Andrew Hoover, lived in Maryland until 1762.  Then he went farther south and picked out a home site on the banks of the Uwharrie River, in what is now known as Randolph County, North Carolina.  And this is how, one summer in the later half of the Eighteenth Century, the first American Hoover of whom there is any record, came to figure in a program of flood relief.


The Uwharrie River had gone on a rampage, the scene was within a few hundred yards of the primitive log cabin which the first Hoover erected soon after his migration from Maryland, and near the center of what became known in later years as the “Hoover Hill” community.  Andrew Hoover’s grave was recently found on the hillside near the site of the old home overlooking the Uwharrie at the bend, where he is credited with having performed his mission of relief.


The story as handed down through many generations that have grown up and died in the same section, related that Andrew Hoover swam the swollen river to release his horses and mules that had been hobbled on the other side, and then took refuse in the forks of a persimmon tree until daybreak.  The tree is near what is known as the “Old Hickory Spring” from which the members of the Hoover household up the hill are thought to have dipped their drink water.


This old Hoover farm and the water mill which Andrew Hoover owned not far away, are North Carolina landmarks of the early activities of the Hoovers in America.  Their isolation at the present time suggests what must have been the exceedingly wild surroundings in which they were established.  The surveyor of Carroll County, Maryland, told President Hoover at the time of the President’s visit, that Andrew Hoover had patented his Maryland farmland in two 50-acre tracts from the Colonial Government in 1746 and 1748.  It is known that a few years previous to his removal to North Carolina Andrew Hoover had married Margaret Pouts in Pennsylvania.  He had come to America when civilization on this side of the Atlantic was little more than 100 years old.


Its western march had barely begun, and red men still roved the eastern forests, right down to the log settlements on the coast.  But few white men had penetrated the regions west of the Alleghenies, and there were not many settlers as far inland as the western boundaries of Pennsylvania, Virginia, or North Carolina.  The latter state was then known as “Virginia’s Frontier.”  Daniel Boone was yet to blaze his trail across Tennessee and Kentucky.  It is an interesting coincidence that this leader of pioneers was born in Pennsylvania and lived in his youth near where Andrew Hoover married;  and that Boone and Hoover migrated to North Carolina in about the same period.


Not only did they start for this frontier from almost the same locality, but they settled within a few miles of one another – Boone on the Yadkin River, Hoover on the Uwharrie River, which is a small tributary to the Yadkin.  Modes of travel were primitive, as the highways were little more than Indian trails, and the stage coach was yet to make its advent in the interior of America.  Farming was almost the only industry; such manufacturing as there was seems to have been represented by the early shoe shops and the quaint old water mills, with their overshot wheel that used to grind corn and wheat for the farmers.  Communities grew up around these centers. 


The community that Andrew Hoover founded in Randolph County continues today under the same name, although the old activities have ceased, and many of the old families have moved away.  Andrew Hoover’s old “Mill seat” until quite recently was still in possession of certain descendants of the Hoover family who remained in North Carolina.


Hoover Hill was a post office until a few years ago.  The old mill property is said to have been in the family at least 150 years.  Hoover Gold Mine was discovered and operated with profit years after the founder of the community died.  Hoover Grove is the local name of a church and burying ground, and it is within calling distance of the old Andrew Hoover farm.  Nearby are the ruins or the barren sites, of many other Hoover homesteads, those of Andrew Hoover’s sons and succeeding generations.  Those could be circumscribed, almost, within a radius of five miles.


The North Carolina records of the first Hoover in America and his descendants give the Hoovers generally, a place of consideration prominence in the local affairs with which they were considered.  Apparently, they took far more interest in political matters than many Quakers of the time either desired or were permitted to take.


There is a story that either Andrew Hoover or one of his sons was a member of one of the boards of magistrates that existed then, and before which Andrew Jackson appeared after going with the task of regulating local affairs, including the rates that taverns might charge for lodging, meals, drinks and accommodation for beasts of burden.


One of the principal roads of that section of the frontier passed right through the Hoover community, if not by the old mill.  People are yet living who remember the old stage coach lines that began to be operated 50 or more years after Andrew Sr. moved to Randolph.  For many years after the passing of Andrew Sr. his descendants were identified with responsible political positions in Randolph County, and this was notably true in the period of the Jackson Administration.  There is nothing however, to indicate that they were Democrats.  On the contrary, it is believed they were Whigs.  George Hoover was a sheriff in 1827, and years later, Frand Hoover was a clerk of the court.  Other descendants of the sons and daughters of Andrew were generally found to be substantial people.


The energies of Andrew Sr. in establishing himself and providing for his children, of whom there were 13 – eight sons and five daughters – resulted in rather large accumulations of property for those early days.  And these were increased by the marriage of the children.


The old grist mill, which in those days was a gathering center for the farmers of the community, afforded an income in shares of corn and wheat accepted as pay for grinding.  It must have been one of the first mills for which Uwharrie was noted for over generations.  After Andrew Hoover died in 1794, the mill went to Jacob Hoover, in whose line it remained for many years, and whose descendants were to find the gold mine two or three miles away.


Hoover Gold Mine, according to the most authentic story of its origin, was the result of an accident, and was not established by virtue of any inherent Hoover tendency toward mine engineering.  Its success does illustrate the pioneering nature which the Hoovers from Andrew Sr. down have shown.  The mine was established by Joseph Hoover in aggap (sic) of the los (sic) mountain spur near the mill seat, as the result of an accident to the Hoover wagon.   One day Joseph and a half-breed Indian, named John Singer, were driving up the hill for a load of lightwood knots.  When the rear wagon wheel broke, the Indian jumped down to investigate; he found that it had crashed through a big rock in the road.  Picking up the rock, they saw that it gleamed.


That was the origin of the gold mine as told by John Hunt, who lives near it today (1930) and whose father, Evans Hunt, deceased in 1920 at the age of 86 years.  Evans Hunt was a friend of Joseph, John, and other Hoovers in that section.


This mine for years was a steady producer of gold.  Its payroll as late as 1880 was $12,000 a month.  The mind sold once for $20,000.  Another time it sold for $80,000.  The story is that it was at one time one of the principal gold producers in the eastern part of the United States.  It is in operation today for crushed stone, not gold (1930).  The workable vein of gold long ago has given out, but it is said that every truckload of crushed rock from it contains as much as $40 worth of gold.  A prominent geologist of North Carolina is understood to have suggested that some of the gold be assayed out just to give Herbert Hoover a sample of what one of his ancestors possessed.




Near this mine property is what is credited with being the home site of John Hoover, whose migration westward when “up in years” carried the line to Ohio and beyond.  From this line of Hoovers comes the President.  John Hoover was the fourth son of Andrew Sr. and great-great grandfather of Herbert Hoover.  It was to him that Herbert Hoover referred to his speech at Elizabethtown, Tennessee, on October 6, 1928, in describing the early home of his earliest American ancestor.


“The earliest ancestor of whom I have record, Andrew Hoover, a settler in Maryland about two centuries ago,” said Herbert Hoover, “migrated to North Carolina and built his home.*****In Randolph County of that state he did his part in building the community, and his grave lies in the little burying ground on what was then the Uwharrie River Farm.  His son, my great-great grandfather was part of that movement which started west from your frontier.”


John Hoover was a millwright.  It was his business to build and repair the watermills, which by that time occupied most of the available sites not only on Uwharrie but on other interior streams of central North Carolina.  He was a builder of water mills at a time when they were the sole manufacturers of the country’s meal and flour.  His travels through the section made him widely known among many of the early settlers and their children.


John Hoover was a man of considerable popularity, too, with a knack for making and keeping friends who talked of him long after he went west.  When word of his death came back they mourned it sincerely.  They were constantly concerned for the welfare of his children and followed with interest their movements as news would occasionally come of their continued westward march.




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